The work of this historical commission showed that the KWG dismissed or prematurely retired most of its Jewish employees as early as 1933, without much resistance to the dictates of the Nazi regime. The legal basis for this course of action was the “Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” of 1933. In our predecessor institutes in Berlin and Dresden, two directors, in addition to other unnamed employees, were also dismissed for anti-semitic reasons:
Carl Neuberg (1877–1956), head of the Kaiser Wilhem Institute (KWI) of Biochemistry in Berlin, was initially exempt from dismissal due to his service as a front-line combatant in World War I, but his forced leave followed as early as 1934. Neuberg continued his research in a private laboratory and later emigrated to the USA in 1939.
Max Bergmann (1886–1944), founding director of the KWI for Leather Research in Dresden in 1922, was dismissed in 1933 and emigrated to the USA in the same year. Like Neuberg, he continued his successful research there — finally as director of the chemical laboratory at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York.